TMD – Are we Treating a Psychological Disorder?
Prof. Suan Phaik Khoo
- Professor Oral Pathology (OP) & Oral Medicine (OM) at International Medical University (IMU)
- MSc (OP) from University of London
- Fellowship (in OM) of the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) of Ireland
- Fellowship of the RCS and Physicians of Glasgow and also RCS Edinburgh
- PhD from the National University of Singapore
- University Dean for Community Engagement
- Research interests in orofacial pain and oral inflammatory conditions
A critical component of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) is the suffering and limitation in mandibular functioning and forms the most incessant reason for orofacial torment. Recent evidences of psychological, biological factors and molecular pathways induced by stress show inter-relationships with TMD and influencing its aetiology and progression. This begs the question as to whether TMD is a psychological disorder. The role of psychological factors in the development of TMD is critically examined with the view to an effective management of TMD.
- Factors and their potential influence on TMD symptoms
- Evaluate the role of psychological factors in the diagnosis and management of TMD through evidence-based findings
- Apply the biopsychosocial model to the approach to TMD management for improved patient outcomes