Introduction to Autotransplantation of Teeth
Prof. Pawel Plakwicz
Specialist in Oral Surgery
Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. Dr. Plakwicz graduated from the Dental Faculty, Medical University of Warsaw. 1995-2003 he was an assistant lecturer at the Department of Oral Surgery at the same university. He completed postgraduate training in autotransplantation of teeth at the University of Oslo, Norway in 2000. In 2001, he qualified as a specialist in Oral Surgery and in 2009 defended his PhD. Since 2009 he has worked at the Department of Periodontology, Medical University of Warsaw. In 2015 he gained his second PhD with habilitation. In 2017 he received his MFDS ad eundem from the Royal College of Surgeons of England. His main research interests are in the treatment of growing patients with missing teeth, eruption disturbances, teeth autotransplantation and treatment of mucogingival deformities.
Autotransplantation of teeth before the root is fully formed is an established treatment option for replacing missing teeth in growing individuals. Favourable orthodontic indications, good surgical access and optimal tooth morphology are mandatory for a successful outcome of the treatment. Premolars with developing roots due to their morphology and position in the dental arch are optimal donors with reported success rate of over 90 per cent. Autotransplantation of developing, unerupted premolars to maxillary anterior region and to replace missing mandibular premolars will be presented. The description of the surgical technique and factors, which may influence the treatment outcome will be given and discussed.
- To recognise the indications for autotransplantation of teeth in young patients.
- To plan the treatment with other specialists in dentistry.
- To know the orthodontic and surgical conditions which allow to perform the surgery.
- To know how to follow the healing of the transplanted tooth and how to diagnose potential complications.